This Post is courtesy of Aga Khan University Hospital; they have shared these points and have asked them to be shared as much as possible for the prevention of spreading of epidemic.
Dengue is a virus that is transmitted via mosquito bites resulting in either a mild dengue fever or haemorrhagic fever. Mild dengue fever is accompanied by development of rashes and muscle and joint pain. Haemorrhagic fever results in severe bleeding, sudden drop in blood pressure and if not treated, death.
- Sudden and high fever
- Muscle and joint pain
- Pain behind the eyes
- Nausea and vomiting
In case of haemorrhagic fever, these symptoms worsen to include:
- Rapid breathing
- Bleeding gums
- Persistent vomiting
- Abdominal pain
There is no direct treatment for dengue. Initial measures include bed rest and high intake of fluids to counteract dehydration from vomiting. Normal painkillers such as aspirin are to be avoided as they lead to complications. Acetaminophen may be taken instead to reduce fever and decrease muscle pain. In severe cases of dengue fever you may require supportive care at the hospital where you will be monitored for:
- Dehydration and replacement of electrolytes
- Platelets count and transfusion in case of blood loss
- Blood pressure monitoring